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Kitchen Layout

Reliable, Fast and Beautiful

Kitchen Layout

If you’re using modular cabinets then you’ll need to get a list of the cabinet sizes that are available to you and design you kitchen using the cabinets in that list. If you’re going with fully custom cabinets then you have quite a bit more options available to you.


The sink is the most complicated thing to relocate. First, there are usually two pipes supplying it with clean water, one for hot and one for cold. Then, there is a drain pipe that channels the dirty water away. There is also usually an outlet underneath the sink to supply the garbage disposal and dishwasher with power.

Work Triangle

The refrigerator, the sink, and the stove, are often the most used areas in the kitchen. So, the distance between them is important because you’ll be frequently walking back and forth between them.

Work Areas

It helps to make the kitchen easier to work in if things that are commonly used together are grouped together in the same general area.



Precise and Professional


It’s usually best to use green lumber. It doesn’t split as easy as dried lumber. And when it dries out it shrinks a little around the nails and grips better.

Standard Wall Framing

2 X 4 studs are commonly spaced 16 inches apart from center to center.

A good rule to follow for header size is 1 inch per foot.

Notches and holes in framing

If you need to notch a stud for an electrical conduit or pipe it should always be covered with a safety plate.

You can drill holes into the framing you can avoid weakening it too much by following the best practices below:



Fast and Effective

Plumbing Basics

The P Trap

When it comes to drains, the P trap is the most important thing to understand.

Sewers and the drain system in a house tend to produce gas the same way a human gut does.

P traps prevent sewer gases from seeping into the house. The gas still needs to be vented outside, and the P trap needs a way to equalize the pressure. So, P traps and air vents go hand in hand.

Clean Water system

Typically the city or county provides each residential property with clean pressurized water. There is usually an on/off valve with a meter. Pipes are connected to that and feed the rest of the house and yard. At some point the water flows through a water heater and then to the sink and shower faucets.

Kitchen Sink Plumbing

The dishwasher if often near the main sink and the setup is usually something like this.


Kitchen Cabinets

The Exact Way You Want Them!

Kitchen Cabinetry

Often the face frames and doors will be constructed out of solid wood and the boxes will be made out of plywood or melamine.

Cabinet Door Overlay Positions

Full overlay doors sit on top of the face frame. Inset doors sit inside the face frame and are flush with the outside. Partial overlay doors are somewhere in between.

Common Cabinet Sizes

Upper cabinet height dimensions vary but base kitchen cabinets are always the same 36 inches from the surface of the finished floor to the top of the finished counter. 42 inches is standard bar height.



Safe and Professional

Basic Home Electrical Wiring

Electricity comes over the power lines at high voltage. The voltage is reduced by a transformer before flowing through a meter to a breaker box. There is one main circuit breaker. All the power flows through it. If it’s shut off you’ll shut off all the power to the house.

The size of the main breaker dictated the amount of power you can draw from the panel. Most houses in Southern California have either 100 or 200 amp panels. People with 100 amp panels often need to upgrade to 200 amps to meet their electricity needs when they redo their kitchens.

Most outlets and lights are 120 volts and will often use 15 or 20 amp breakers. Large appliances like stoves and ovens often require 240 volts and use higher amp breakers.

Normal branch circuits often have multiple outlets on 1 breaker. Dedicated circuits only have one. When something requires a lot of power & consistently draws power from a single outlet it should be a dedicated circuit. For example refrigerators, dishwashers, ovens, and built-in microwaves should be on dedicated circuits.


Kitchen Counter Tops

Elegant and Pristine

Kitchen Counter Tops

Kitchen counters are often fabricated out of slabs of natural stone like granite and marble or quartz composites like Caesarstone or Silestone. You can find stone counter tops in pretty much any color you can imagine.

Granite is the most popular choice of material for counter tops. It’s very hard and it usually resists stains well. As with any stone, you should get a sample and test it for its resistance to staining before you buy it.

Marble is a little softer and tends to be more porous but it can work well as countertop material, as well.

It’s most common to see stone counter tops polished to a high gloss. Sometimes the stone is honed giving it a flat look.

Conter top Material

Granite and marble slabs are often quite large. An average slab is about 9 to 10 feet wide or so and about 5 to 6 feet high. Quartz composites like Caesarstone and Siletstone are a little smaller. There’re just over 4 ½ feet by 10 feet. However, size does vary quite a bit especially with the more expensive marbles which can be quite a bit smaller.

A small to medium size kitchen will use about 2 to 3 slabs. There are a lot of factors that go into the amount of slabs that are used. Your project might need more than that. A skilled fabricator will be able the get the most out of a slab.